SINGLE PARENT AND DISPLACED HOMEMAKER (also known as Oregon Transition Programs)
Single parents are defined as individuals who are unmarried or legally separated from a spouse, who have a minor child or children for whom that parent has either custody or joint custody. The term displaced homemaker describes an individual who, as an adult, has worked primarily without remuneration to care for the home and family and for that reason may have diminished marketable skills.
The foundation of each of the Transition Programs is a life skills class ranging from two to 16 weeks in duration. The total number of class hours ranges from 44 to over 4000 hours. College credit for the courses ranges from 0 to 10 credits.
Topics covered during the life skills classes can be grouped under three basic categories: personal development, career exploration, and job search skills.
Personal development topics usually include self-esteem, communication skills, assertiveness, time management, stress management, goal setting, action planning, decision making, and values clarification.
- Career exploration is covered through aptitude and interest assessment, campus tours, guest speakers, use of the college career center and informational interviews.
- Job search skills taught include resume writing, letters of application, interviewing skills, grooming and job survival skills. Other topics covered in some programs include parenting, community resources, learning styles and study habits.
Programs offer their basic class from 2 to over 20 times per year. Those with shorter class lengths (two to five weeks) tend to offer the classes more often. Among the objectives of Transition Programs are the following:
- Help participants overcome personal barriers to education and employment by increasing self-esteem and interpersonal skills.
- Develop self-sufficiency and potential for advancement, especially in nontraditional career areas.
- Provide access to basic education classes to help participants improve basic skills or earn a GED and encourage further education.
- Develop job search skills through practice in identifying and exploring job opportunities resume writing and interviewing.
Who Qualifies as a Displaced Homemaker?
Displaced Homemaker is a term defined by two federal laws:
According to Workforce Innovation Opportunity Act (WIOA) Sec. 3 (16):
DISPLACED HOMEMAKER.—The term ‘‘displaced homemaker’’ means an individual who has been providing unpaid services to family members in the home and who—
- (i) has been dependent on the income of another family member but is no longer supported by that income;
(ii) is the dependent spouse of a member of the Armed Forces on active duty and whose family income is significantly reduced because of a deployment, a call or order to active duty, a permanent change of station, or the service-connected death or disability of the member; and
- is unemployed or underemployed and is experiencing difficulty in obtaining or upgrading employment.
According to the Carl Perkins Career & Technical Education Act of 2006:
The term 'displaced homemaker' means an individual (male or female) who--
(A) (i) has worked primarily without remuneration to care for a home and family, and for that reason has diminished marketable skills;
(ii) has been dependent on the income of another family member but is no longer supported by that income; or
(iii) is a parent whose youngest dependent child will become ineligible to receive assistance under Part A of Title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) not later than 2 years after the date on which the parent applies for assistance under such title; and
(B) is unemployed or underemployed and is experiencing difficulty in obtaining or upgrading employment.
If you think you qualify as a displaced homemaker under either of these definitions, contact the nearest Transitions Program listed in the Transitions Program Directory.
Oregon State Staff Contact
Post-Secondary Operations and Policy Analyst
Office of Community Colleges and Workforce Development
Higher Education Coordinating Commission